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雅思听力多选题出题特点及应对策略!

来源:      浏览:      发布日期:2019-03-09 09:07

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 大家知道雅思听力题型总体可以分为选择和填空两种。顾名思义,填空题就是让大家写单词的,而选择题就是让大家选字母的。雅思听力的选择中主要包含匹配,单选,多选。由于多选题在官方公布的真题中分布零散,出现的频率低、数量少,导致很多考生在备考的时候没有引起足够的重视。然而多选题的难度却又是相对较高的本题型大量考察同义替换、辨别重要信息和陷阱的能力,题目信息量大和陷阱信息的干扰性强是它的两大特点。因此这种题型也成为考生们在雅思听力考试中的绊脚石。所以今天就来分析一下雅思听力的多选题的题型特点和应对技巧,希望能帮助同学们攻克多选题。

  一、特点分析

➢ 选项的干扰性

 多选题常见的两种形式是五选二和七选三。选项繁多,读题时间短,找中心信息困难这几点无疑是同学们做题的障碍。除此之外剑桥真题中无论是多选题的正确选项还是干扰选项都会在录音中被提及的特点更是让基础较差的同学觉得无从下手往往是听到原词就急于进行选择,无法有效辨别信息,导致失分。我们来看五Test1Section1(以下简称511,以此类推)的多选题体会一下。

 Question 5 and 6

 Which TWO things are included in the price of the tour?

 A fishing trip

 B guided bush walk

 C reptile park entry

 D table tennis

 E tennis

 

 原文:

 Customer: And what about the other things? You know, that are included in the price.

 Receptionist:  Oh, there are a lot of things. If you dont want to do the whale watch cruise, your guide will take anyone who is interested either on a bushwalk  through a national park near the hotel, and there is no extra charge for that, or  on a fishing trip. Thats an extra $12 I think. And theres also a reptile park in town - that costs more or less the same.

 Customer : No, I think I prefer whales to snakes.

 Receptionist: Yeah, and if you just want to relax, you are free to sit by the hotel pool or go down the beach. Oh, and they also have tennis courts at the hotel, but you have to pay for those by the hour.but there are also table tennis downstairs and they are part of the accommodation package. Just speak to your

 Guide.

 总结:

 以上例子中A-E均在原文中出现(已用黑体字标出),这两道题的特点是A-E选项均在原文中出现,选项原词出现,容易定位,但是由于干扰信息多,同学们容易陷进题目设置的陷阱。需要同学们在审题的时候能够辨别题目中的限制性信息,例如:includedcurrentlypresented

➢ 答案的改写性

 改写性,也就是我们雅思听力经常提到的同义替换,即答案通常不会使用选项的原词,而往往会对答案词进行同义替换。这也是雅思听力各种题型加深难度的惯用伎俩。例如,在723的29 和30题中。这两道题的答案是AD。A选项中的No military use 原文中为 for peaceful use; D选项中的no nuclear testing 原文中为 prohibits any nuclear explosions. 这里no改为了prohibits,testing改为了explosions.

 Question 5 and 6

 Which two achievements of the Antarctic Treaty are mentioned by the speakers?

A. No military use.

A. Animals protected.

B. Historic sites preserved.

B. No nuclear testing.

C. Fishing rights protected.

 原文:

 Interviewer: What do you see as the main achievements of the treaty?

 Doctor: Well, firstly it means that the continent is reserved for peaceful use.

 Interviewer: That’s article 1, isn’t it?

 Doctor: Yes…

 Interviewer: that’s important since the territory belongs to everyone.

 Doctor: not as important as Article 5, which prohibits any nuclear explosions or waste disposal.

 总结:

 本类题的特点是,选项发生改写,可能是派生词也可能是同义词等,想要做好此类题需要同学们平时在学习的时候整理出遇到的听力同义改写,逐渐掌握更多的改写信息和改写规律。事实上,及时整理改写是学习雅思听力过程中一直需要做的工作。有利于整体雅思听力的成绩提高。

➢ 答案的概括性

 除了干扰信息多和原文信息改写之外,多选题的答案信息提供还有另外一种方式就是对原文信息进行加工处理之后再用言简意赅的语言表达出来。也就是对原文信息作总结的形式这里举的例子是剑11 test4 Section321/22题:

 其中正确选项为:B.they had all made music recordings.

 原文:I wasnt specifically looking for artists whod produced recordings, but this is something thats just taken for granted these days, and they all had.

 还有23&24题:

 Which TWO points does Joanna make about her use of telephone interview?

A. It meant rich data could be collected.

B. It allowed the involvement of top performers.

A. It led to stressful atmosphere at times.

B. It meant interview times had to be limited .

C. It caused some technical problems.

 原文:

 Supervisor: Right, now you collected your data through telephone interviews, didnt you?

 Joanna: Yes, I realized if I was going to interview leading musicians, itd only be possible over the phone because theyre so busy. I recorded them using a telephone recording adaptor. Id been worried about the quality, but it worked out all right. I managed at least a 30-minute interview with each subject, sometimes longer.

 Supervisor: Did doing it on the phone made it more stressful?

 Joanna:Id thought it mightit was all quite informal though and in fact they seemed very keen to talk. And I don’t think using the phone meant I got less rich data, rather the opposite in fact.  

  Supervisor:interesting

 这几道题的共同特点就是答案选项均为原文选项的总结信息。那么在做题过程中就需要同学们首先在审题的时候能够找出选项的中心意思,找出选项中的重点所在(题中已经用红色标记出)。其次还要求同学们能够在听力过程中准确定位到与选项谈论内容一致的信息。例如原文中出现的leading musicians和选项中的top performers; 还有原词定位的Rich data. 在我们所讨论的这种总结类的题型里加大难度,除了以上两点之外还需要同学们能够听出其中的逻辑因为顶尖的音乐家都很忙,所以能让其参与的方法就是通过telephone.” 我不认为相反…”

 以上就是老师为大家整理出的多选题的出题特点和应对方法了,希望能够帮助到同学们的雅思听力学习。

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